DNA profiles in civil and administrative proceedings
DNA profile analysis is used not only in medicine and criminal prosecution. It is also used in civil and administrative proceedings―and sometimes outside public or official proceedings―predominantly to clarify ancestry or establish a person’s positive Identity.
In such matters as inheritance, civil status, or in questions of paternity, written consent by the person whose DNA profile is to be established is necessary. Exception: in a civil proceeding consent is waived by judicial order...
As in criminal prosecution, only noncoding sequences of the DNA are used in civil or administrative proceedings. . Thus, only a person’s sex is established, not his state of health or other personal attributes.
DNA profiling analysis may only be carried out by federally designated laboratories.